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English-Russian Glossary on Information Society

One Hundred Basic Terms

Data Information - Knowledge

   

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Data: registered facts.

Information: there is no universal definition of this concept. Sometimes it is used as a synonym to data or knowledge. If we consider the verb to inform, i.e. to convey something new, the specificity becomes clearer. To get information means to get an answer to a question. A message can become information without a question if this message changes the users picture of the world.

Knowledge: result of human cognitive activity.

All terms are presented in the version edited by the Authors. Comments and suggestions please address to info@iis.ru

© The British Council in Russia. April 2001
© Institute of the Information Society - Russia. April 2001

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Last update - 01/05/2001